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Pangong Lake

20 Fun Facts Pangong Tso Ladakh 

Pangong Tso, also known as Pangong Lake, is a mesmerizing high-altitude lake situated in the Himalayas at an elevation of 4,350 meters (14,270 feet).

The lake is a breathtakingly beautiful lake situated in the Himalayas in the Ladakh region of Jammu and Kashmir, India. It is one of the largest and highest saltwater lakes in Asia, with its water being brackish in nature.

 It spans across the border between India and China, with the Indian side encompassing one-third of the lake. Renowned for its breathtaking beauty, the lake is characterized by its crystal-clear blue waters, which change colors throughout the day. 

Pangong Lake

The lake is a popular tourist destination, attracting visitors from all over the world to witness its awe-inspiring landscapes, surrounded by snow-capped mountains. 

The lake stretches across the border between India and China, with two-thirds of its length being on the Tibetan Plateau in China. The remaining one-third, about 40% of the lake, lies within Indian territory. The Line of Actual Control, the de facto border between India and China, passes through the lake.

Pangong Tso is an extremely popular tourist destination, attracting travelers from all over the world. Its crystal-clear blue waters surrounded by majestic mountains create a mesmerizing and serene atmosphere. The beauty of the lake is enhanced by the changing colors of the water, which range from shades of blue to green and sometimes even appear as shades of purple.

The lake freezes during the winter months, allowing visitors to witness a surreal landscape of frozen, snow-covered water stretching as far as the eye can see. In the summer, the lake comes alive with numerous migratory birds, including Brahmini ducks, seagulls, and bar-headed geese.

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However, access to Pangong Tso is restricted due to its proximity to the disputed border between India and China. Nonetheless, it remains a remarkable natural wonder, offering a serene and enchanting experience for those lucky enough to visit.

Many adventure enthusiasts visit Pangong Tso to engage in activities like camping, trekking, and bird-watching. The lake’s beauty has also made it a popular filming location for Bollywood and Hollywood movies. The film “3 Idiots” featured the iconic scene of actors sitting on the banks of Pangong Lake.

Pangong facts

1. The lake is a high-altitude lake located in the Himalayas at an elevation of 4,350 meters (14,270 feet).

2. It is situated on the border between India and China, with approximately two-thirds of the lake in China and one-third in India.

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3. The name “Pangong Tso” means “long, narrow, enchanted lake” in the Tibetan language.

Pangong Lake

4. The lake is about 134 kilometers long, extending from Ladakh in India to Chinese-controlled territory.

5. It is known for its crystal-clear blue waters that change colors throughout the day from shades of blue to green and sometimes even grey.

6. Pangong Tso freezes completely during the winter, forming a thick layer of ice that can be crossed on foot or by vehicle.


7. The lake is a popular tourist destination and attracts visitors from all over the world due to its breathtaking beauty.

8. It was the shooting location for the famous Bollywood movie “3 Idiots.”

9. Pangong Tso is home to a variety of birds, including migratory birds like seagulls, ducks, and geese. It is also home to some rare and endangered species.

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Pangong Lake

10. The lake is surrounded by snow-capped mountains, including the Chang Chenmo range to the north, and is a haven for photographers and nature enthusiasts.

11. Pangong Tso is a saltwater lake, but it contains very low levels of salts.

12. The lake is an important breeding ground for several species of birds and fish.

China border

13. Access to Pangong Tso is restricted by the Indian government due to its proximity to the border with China.

14. Pangong Tso is part of a larger border dispute between India and China, with both countries claiming the area as their own.

15. The region around the lake experiences extreme weather conditions, with temperatures dropping below freezing during the winter and occasionally exceeding 30 degrees Celsius (86 degrees Fahrenheit) during the summer.

Pangong Lake

16. Pangong Tso is located in the Changthang region, which is known for its nomadic herders who rely on livestock farming for their livelihood.


17. The lake is fed by several small streams and meltwater from the surrounding mountains, and there is no outlet, causing the water to be brackish.

18. The Chinese side of Pangong Tso is accessible by a rough and treacherous road while the Indian side has a slightly better-maintained road.

19. The lake is an important stopover for migratory birds traveling along the Central Asian Flyway.

20. Pangong Tso is often referred to as one of the most beautiful lakes in the world due to its stunning scenery and remote location.

It is important to note that since Pangong Tso is located in a sensitive border area, visitors need to obtain the necessary permits and adhere to the regulations set by the Indian government for visiting this region. Nonetheless, a visit to Pangong Lake is a truly awe-inspiring experience, leaving travelers with memories of its unmatched natural beauty.

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