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Orchha railway station

12 important facts about Orchha in Madhya Pradesh

Orchha is a historic town located in the Tikamgarh district of Madhya Pradesh, India. Here are some key facts about the city

1. Orchha Location


Orchha is a city in the Tikamgarh district of Madhya Pradesh, India. It is located on the banks of the Betwa River.

2) Historical significance:


The city was founded by the Bundelarajput ruler Rudra Pratap his Singh in the 16th century. It served as the capital of the state of Orchha, later incorporated into the state of Madhya Pradesh.


3) Architectural wonders:


The city is known for its magnificent medieval architecture. The city has several impressive palaces, temples and cenotaphs (chatris). Notable structures include the Orchha Fort Complex, Jahangir Mahal, Raj Mahal and Chaturbhuj Temple.

Entrance to orchha fort

4) Jahangir Mahal:


Jahangir Mahal is he one of Orchha’s most impressive structures. It was built in the 17th century to commemorate the visit of Emperor Jahangir. The palace features a unique blend of Mughal and Rajput architectural styles.

5) Chaturbhuj Temple:


Dedicated to Lord Rama, Chaturbhuj Temple is famous for its intricate stone carvings. The temple’s name, Chaturbhuj, means “four-armed one” and refers to Lord Rama. Interestingly, the temple was originally built to enshrine an idol of Lord Rama, but was later moved to another nearby temple.
Interestingly, the temple was originally built to house an idol of Lord Rama from the nearby Raja Ram Temple, but was later converted into a separate shrine.

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Entrance to Orcha fort

6) Ram Raja Temple:


The city is also home to the Ram Raja Temple of great religious importance. This temple is unique as Lord Rama is worshiped as king. This temple is believed to be the only temple in India where Lord Rama is worshiped in this form.

7) Cenotaph (Chatrice):


Orchha is known for its cenotaph, also known as the Chatrice, on the banks of the Betwa River. These cenotaphs are dedicated to the rulers of the Bundela dynasty and are built in different architectural styles.

8) Betwa River:


The city sits on the banks of the Betwa River, adding to its scenic beauty. Boating is available on the river, making it a popular spot for tourists.

Orchha fort

9) Raja Mahal:


The Raj Mahal, also known as the Royal Palace, is another of his outstanding tourist attractions in Orchha. It features beautiful frescoes and murals depicting various mythological themes.


10) Nature Reserve:


Orchha is home to the Orchha Wildlife Sanctuary, which covers approximately 46 square kilometers. The reserve is known for its diverse flora and fauna, including species such as blue bulls, chinkalas and peacocks.

Orchha forts

11) Natural beauty:


Orchha is surrounded by beautiful nature, including lush landscapes and the flowing Betwa River. The river adds to the charm of the town and offers opportunities for boating and photography. festival:
Orcha enthusiastically celebrates various festivals. One of his most famous festivals is the Ram Rajarat Yatra, in which idols of Lord Rama perform a ceremonial procession from the Rajaram temple to the Chaturbhuj temple.

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12) UNESCO World Heritage nomination:


The architectural wonders of Orchha, including its fortifications and temples, have been proposed for UNESCO World Heritage nomination.

A visit to Orchha offers a glimpse into the region’s rich history, architectural brilliance and cultural heritage. It is a destination that will appeal to history buffs, architecture enthusiasts, and those who want to enjoy the quiet and scenic beauty. 


Overall, Orchha is a treasure trove of architectural and cultural heritage, offering a glimpse into the glorious past of the Bundela dynasty and its rich traditions.

Text by Kunal Mahure

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