India, a country with the second-largest population is known for its diversity in religion, language, culture and wildlife. Our country is one of the most visited countries has an ancient history as to why tourists travel to India. The mighty Himalayas is known throughout the globe for its vast spread of land reaching countries surrounding it. It houses the highest peaks in the world.
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- The famous K2 which stands at a whopping height of 8,611 m lies between Baltistan and Xinjiang and is the second highest summit in the world. It has 3 routes : Abruzzi Spur , North Ridge and another route which has remained unnamed as hardly any climbers use it due to its unstable snow formation . The Abruzzi Spur is the most popular as it is less challenging than the other two. Almost about 75% of people climb this side of the mountain.
- Kanchenjunga is situated at an altitude of 8586 m ASL. It is the highest peak in the Indian subcontinent and is the three highest summit. It is also known as Godwin-Austen named after the first person who climbed this mountain. The original inhabitants of this region were known as Lepcha people meaning children of god in Sikkimese. Kanchenjunga is composed of rocks of Neoproterozoic which is late Precambrian to Ordovician age meaning it’s about 445 million to 1 billion years old.
- Nanda Devi stands at 7816 m ASL. It is the second-highest peak in India and is ranked the 23rd highest peak across the world. The Nanda Devi National Park, located in the vicinity of the peak, consists of the best high altitude flora and fauna. It was considered the highest mountain in the world before computations in 1808 proved Dhaulagiri to be higher. It is part of the Garhwal Himalayas and is located in the Chamoli district of Uttarakhand. Nanda Devi stands for Bliss Giving Goddess and is regarded as the patron Goddess of Garhwal and Kumaon Himalayas
Kamet is the second highest mountain after Nanda Devi in Uttarakhand. During the early morning when the sun starts to rise and during the sunsets, the copper-coloured rock of Mount Kamet reflects the rays of the sun on its hanging glaciers which appears to set these glaciers aglow with crackling flames and shimmers the mountain in a red fiery glow”. Hence the term “glacier fire”. Mukut prabat, Abi Gamin and Mana Peak.
Located in the Siachen glacier at an altitude of 7742 m. Santoro Kangri is also known as the longest glacier to date in the world. It is located on the Actual Ground Position Line between Indian controlled territory in the Siachen region and Pakistani controlled territory west of the Saltoro Range. Saltoro Kangri is a term generally used for twin peaks. The Saltoro Range is claimed as part of Ladakh by India and as part of Gilgit–Baltistan by Pakistan. The peaks of Saltoro mountain range from 7742 m(Saltoro Kangri) to 7380m (Sherpi Kangri). These peaks have over 500m (1640 ft) of Topographic prominence which is the merit for the peak of this stature to be considered independent.
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