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Facts about Bumla

At an altitude of 5,000 m above the sea level, the Bum La Pass traces the Indo-China border. A renowned attraction of Arunachal Pradesh, the place is a must-visit but only when you have a permit from the Office of the Deputy Commissioner in Tawang District, and then the Indian army cantonment. The place instantly rises a feeling of nationalism, especially after seeing soldiers safeguarding the border that too in such nerve-wracking climatic conditions. Also, it was through this region, Dalai Lama entered India.

Few things to consider before entering Arunachal Pradesh are to obtain Inner Line Permit (ILP), be cautious of the road condition, the network connection can be varied, tasty food, lodging options, transportation vehicles, and a special permit to Bumla Pass.

Once your permit is sorted, it would be a good idea to travel on a clear sky day, with no scope of snowfall or rainfall due to their climatic condition, and hire an SUV as the track is treacherous. 

Bumla Pass is home to many memorable events that make it a remarkable one in the history of India. When on a visit to Bumla Pass, make sure to see Dalai Lama’s route where entered India to take refuge from. There is a lake called Sangestar Tso which is also worth a watch. Get a picture clicked, or place a pebble stone in front of the Heap of Stones as a tribute to the Indian Army, our guardians of the border.

The road to Bum La is also a historical route where during the 1962 Sino-Indian War, the People’s Liberation Army of China invaded India. In Bum La Pass one of the most ferocious battles took place in the 1962 Sino-Indian War. The roads had been closed but then in 2006, Bumla pass was re-opened to traders for the first time in 44 years. Traders from both sides of the pass were allowed to enter each other’s areas, in addition to postal workers from each country. 

Sangestar Tso lake has been created by falling rocks, boulders, and trees in an earthquake. The lake is sometimes also called Madhuri lake as famous actress Madhuri Dixit shot the movie Koyla here. The lake is about 20 km from Tawang town, about 7 km beyond the bifurcation of the road leading to Bum La Pass.


Heap of Stones Monument is where tourists place a pebble on the Heap of Stones as a tribute to the Mighty Himalayas as our Guardian of Northern Frontier and as a remembrance to the Indian Army as our guardians of the border.

Indo-China Border Personnel Meeting (BPM) point is one of the five officially agreed on Border Personnel Meeting points between the Indian Army and the People’s Liberation Army of China for regular consultations and interactions between the two armies to improve relations. There is also a hut on the Indian side where border meetings are held by the rival armies.

Considered as a highly patriotic region, Bum la has witnessed a lot of wars and still shines as India’s glorious region that keeps us protected always. Being a heavily snow-clad region, it is advised to plan trips well in advance along with the permit.

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